Homework Help

How did Poland play a role in causing the Cold War?

user profile pic

rak64 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Salutatorian

Posted January 21, 2013 at 4:27 PM via web

dislike 1 like

How did Poland play a role in causing the Cold War?

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted January 21, 2013 at 4:39 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

Poland did not actually engage in any actions that helped to bring about the Cold War.  Instead, Poland helped bring about the Cold War simply by existing where it did, to the west of the Soviet Union. 

Early in WWII, Poland had been divided between Germany and the Soviet Union at the time that those two nations still had a nonaggression pact between them.  Poles, not surprisingly, wanted their independence back.  It was ostensibly to protect Polish independence that British and French went to war with Germany.

At the end of WWII, however, the Yalta Conference gave Poland to the Soviet Union.  It had new borders that moved it farther west, giving it more of what had been Germany.  The Soviets were supposed to allow Poland to hold free elections.  They did not and instead imposed a communist government on Poland.  The Soviets felt that they needed to control Poland as a buffer zone to protect them against invasions from the west.

To the US and Britain, the Soviets’ actions in Poland showed that they wanted to expand their power and to dominate everything around them.  This made the Western Allies very suspicious of the communists.  This suspicion helped to bring about the start of the Cold War.

Thus, Poland did play a role in the start of the Cold War, but it was a passive role. 

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes