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How did Peter the Great and Catherine the Great modernize Russia?

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thecriminalmind | Student, Grade 10 | eNoter

Posted December 15, 2011 at 12:37 PM via web

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How did Peter the Great and Catherine the Great modernize Russia?

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dbello | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

Posted December 15, 2011 at 3:43 PM (Answer #1)

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The Russian Tsars prior to the 17th century followed the absolutist model of Ivan IV, which was founded upon fear, secrets, and deception. As a result, the tyrannical rule of the Tsars kept Russia from any sort of moderization. It was a stagnate and backward country until the reign of Peter the Great.

Peter the Great was responsible for:

1. developing a civil service within Russia-creating employment

2. bringing the Orthodox Church under his control-regulating its wealth

3. decreasing the power of the Russian nobility

4. introducing new ideas, education, and manufacturing techniques into the country

Catherine the Great was responsible for:

1. establishing a code of written laws

2. opening schools and building hospitals

3. restricting the power of the church

 

The reforms instituted by Peter and later Catherine were an attempt to modernize Russia. However, because Peter ignored the issue of serfdom and Catherine eventually suppressed any liberty she offered to serfs, neither of them seriously addressed the issues of serfdom and the consequences of that oppression.

 

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