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John Winthrop, the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony, had a Puritan view of God. To him, God was in all things. There was no such thing as luck. If good things happened to you, God was showing you favor. If bad things happened to you, then God was displeased with you and you needed to make amends.
This was very much how he viewed his administration of his New England colony. He believed that although God favored the undertakings of his people, the devil was constantly trying to destroy his "city on a hill" As a result, he was quick to deal with discipline within the colony. In one case, he executed a man who had a pig with "human features" because it was a sign of Satan's influence.
Winthrop was always in the lookout for signs from God when administrating inside of his colony. He recorded signs in his journal and tried to interpret them before making decisions.
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