How did the Cuban Missile Crisis affect relations between the United States and the Soviet Union?
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In the aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis, both sides realized how close they had come to nuclear war. While the Soviet withdrawal marked a major embarassment for Khrushchev, and some among Kennedy's advisors were disappointed that the US had compromised, the leaders of both sides recognized the need for increased communication between the Kremlin and the White House. Kennedy and Khrushchev agreed to establish a direct telegraph link soon after the crisis, and it remained in place, along with a phone line that was added later, throughout the Cold War. The United States also removed Cuba as a possible flashpoint by promising not to invade the island nation, and while removing nuclear missiles from Turkey was largely a symbolic gesture, it did help relax tensions. It is also worth noting that after the Cuban Missile Crisis, the focus of the Cold War largely shifted away from direct standoffs between the Soviets and Americans toward proxy wars and military interventions in locations around the developing world.
The Cuban Missile crisis was a key point in the Cold War between the two main superpowers, Russia (then the USSR) and the United States. Even though the situation was defused by Russia's withdrawal of missiles from Cuba following a secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev, the crisis led to the realization of how these superpowers almost came to nuclear war. To prevent any such future situation, a direct communication line between Moscow and Washington DC was established (Moscow-Washington Hotline).
This incident also led to the continued existence of communism in Cuba, although with non-friendly future relations with Russia. The US and USSR avoided direct military conflicts and started proxy wars through local governments or warlords across the world. Some examples of proxy warfare include the Iraq-Iran conflict, North-South Korea and Afghanistan.
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