How did the ideas and beliefs of the Renaissance help lead to the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution?
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Although the Protestant Reformation and the Scientific Revolution were different in many ways, they can both be traced back to the ideas that became more prevalent in Europe during the Renaissance.
During the Renaissance, people came to question authority much more than they ever had before. They came to expect that there should be proof, or logical explanations for various things that happened in the world. In other words, they came to be more inclined towards skepticism and towards independent thinking.
Both the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution can be seen as offshoots of this trend. The Reformation came about because people questioned the authority of the Catholic Church and the logic of its teachings. The Scientific Revolution came about because people wanted proof about things in nature. They no longer wanted to believe, for example, that the Earth was the center of the universe simply because the Bible seemed to say so and because classical authorities such as Aristotle said so.
The Renaissance brought about a trend towards people thinking for themselves. This trend helped to cause the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution.
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