How did the French and Indian War change the relationship between England and its American colonies?
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The French and Indian War changed this relationship by making it a great deal worse. In fact, the war can be said to have led to the revolution.
First, the war took the French out of North America. The colonists no longer had to fear being taken by France if they were to break free from Britain.
Second and more importantly, the war cost a huge amount of money. The British felt that the colonies should pay some part of that sum. The colonists had not been taxed as heavily as the people in Britain itself and the British government felt this should change. The taxes that the British then imposed on the colonies were the major cause of the discontent that led to the Revolutionary War.
One of the biggest impacts the French and Indian War had on British-American relations was economic. In order to pay for the immense cost of the war, the British imposed new taxes on the colonists. The justification was that since the war was fought to protect the colonists from the French, they should have to pay the cost. While the colonists were certainly grateful, they did not agree with the premise that they should have to shoulder the weight of war debts. Additionally, some colonists argued that the British would have fought that war regardless of whether or not the colonists were there, since at heart it was a war over British and French territory.
Three of the taxes imposed on the colonists were the tariff of imported goods, the sugar act, and the stamp act, which were all designed to tax American imports and exports. Many staunch patriots rejected the premise of these taxes, and relations between Britain and the US soured. These taxes raised tensions between the two which were some of the long-term causes to the Revolutionary War.
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