How did Filipinos respond to American colonization just after they had gained independence from Spain?

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krishna-agrawala's profile pic

krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Filipino feeling towards domination of their country by USA was not very different from their feeling towards the Spanish rule. They were strongly opposed to both.

Spain had ruled philippines for a long time, but towards the close of 19th century the desire of Filipino people for independence grew very strong. Under the leadership of Emilie Aguinaldo, they revolted in 1896 to throw out the Spanish rulers, and by 1998 they had gained control of almost whole of territory in Philippines except Manila. Also they declared their independence on June 12, 1998.

This way when Spain ceded Philippines to USA in December 1998, the presence of USA  in that country was also  limited to Manila. The relations between USA and the Filipino remained tense for few months following transfer, and finally in February 1899 a bloody and disastrous war broke out between them. In this war nearly one sixth of population of Philippines including women and children perished. Philippines was not able to march the superior military and economic power of the USA and Emilie Aguinaldo was forced to surrender in 1901. This ended the major resistance by the Filipinos but some revolutionaries continued their struggle even after that.

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epollock | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Early in 1899, Philippine nationalists, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, took up arms against the American occupation. Atrocities, committed by both sides, became commonplace. Although American casualties and the reports of atrocities committed by American soldiers provided ammunition for the anti-imperialists, McKinley's reelection settled the Philippine question for most Americans. William Howard Taft became the first civilian governor and encouraged participation by the Filipinos in the territorial government. This policy won many converts but did not end the rebellion.


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