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How did the communists defeat the Nationalists in 1949?
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There are a number of reasons why the communists were able to defeat the nationalists in the Chinese Civil War that took place both before and after World War II (and even, to some extent, during WWII). In general, the communists won because had more foreign support, and were more popular with the people.
The Chinese people as a whole tended to be very poor during the Chinese Civil War. They had also typically been treated rather poorly by those in power for much of Chinese history. This meant that the people were ripe for a real revolution. The nationalists did not have any radical changes to offer. By contrast, the communists talked about land reform and about creating a country in which the lower classes would have the power. This was very popular with many common Chinese people and helped the communists win.
Second, the communists had a relatively strong ally with good supply lines into China. The Soviet Union wanted the communists to win. The Soviet Union was probably the second strongest military power in the world in 1949 and its help was very useful. The US did support the nationalists to some degree, but the US was not as enthusiastic about it as the Soviets were. Even if they had been, it is much easier to get supplies from the USSR to China than from the US to China. This gave the communists a military advantage.
These were the two most important reasons why the communists won the war.
Posted by pohnpei397 on April 11, 2013 at 9:37 PM (Answer #1)
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