How did the Cold War affect higher education?  

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pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

There are at least two ways in which the Cold War affected higher education.

First, the McCarthyism of the early 1950s affected higher education by making it important for professors to watch what they said in class or in their writings.  Professors were watched closely to ensure that they were not saying things that would be construed as promoting communism.  In this way, the Cold War diminished academic freedom.

Second, the alarm that was caused by Sputnik led to increased funding for education, particularly in the sciences.  This increased funding helped to expand the numbers of programs that institutions of higher learning could offer.  In this way, the Cold War helped higher education by increasing the federal funds available to universities.

Yojana_Thapa's profile pic

Yojana_Thapa | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted on

The soviets increased its skills and power by launching the Sputnik.  This had a drastic effect on the education provided in the American society as depicted in . U.S began emphasizing science that’s they forgot about General education. This can show that U.S was so concentrated about the cold war, about the U.S, about the fear it created that they emphasized Science and felt that they had to retaliate with a massive force. It changed the domestic policy because science was more crucial as a result of Sputnik. The space race begins where both of these massive forces see who had the best science and technology in space.

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