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The African American Civil Rights Movement inspired other reform movements by minority groups because of its success.
Scholars of social movements tell us that social movements arise when a group of people which has been oppressed to some degree starts to have hope that its lot can be changed. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement succeeded in improving the situation of African Americans. When other minority groups (Chicanos and Native Americans in particular) saw this success, they started to think that they too might be able to improve their situation. In this way, the successes of the movement for African American rights inspired other groups to try for more rights as well.
The Civil Rights movement was one of the most significant movements in 20th century United States history based on ethnic identity. Although it focused on African Americans, many other ethnic groups such as Latin Americans used some of the tactics of the African American Civil Rights movement as precedents and models for their own movements.
Native American activists were also, to a degree, encouraged by the success of the Civil Rights movement, but their essential situation is somewhat different. Native Americans lived in the United States before either Europeans or Africans arrived, and most tribes wanted their national sovereignty acknowledged, and land returned, rather than simply integration into the society of the people who stole their land.
Although feminist and LBGTQ activists use some of the language of civil rights, gender issues have don't real map onto ethnic ones, as they involve such issues as marriage and reproductive rights. Africana and Chicana feminists often argue that their double oppression as women and minorities makes their situation somewhat different from that of either black or Chicano men or white women.
Jewish groups have also fought anti-Semitism, but there were significant conflicts between African-American and Jewish groups in the 1960s, and the issue of Israel as a homeland is somewhat sui generis.
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