Homework Help

How did African countries reach independence?Differences please!

user profile pic

jellifish | Student | (Level 2) eNoter

Posted April 1, 2012 at 12:31 AM via web

dislike 1 like
How did African countries reach independence?

Differences please!

3 Answers | Add Yours

user profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted April 1, 2012 at 1:21 AM (Answer #2)

dislike 0 like

Most of these countries achieved independence simply by being granted it by their former colonial rulers.  There were some, such as Angola, that fought for independence.  But more of them were like Zimbabwe which was simply granted independence by Britain.

user profile pic

rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted April 1, 2012 at 9:54 AM (Answer #3)

dislike 0 like

Mozambique, like Angola, was also involved in a bloody struggle against Portugal for independence. Also like Angola, they received direct military aid from Cuba. Even the relatively peaceful independence movements, like in Ghana and Kenya, also saw rioting and some violence. In Zimbabwe, a white-led government (known then as Rhodesia)broke away from Britain, resulting in fighting with African revolutionaries. One very interesting exception to colonial patterns was Liberia, founded in the mid-nineteenth century by freed slaves who had come there with the help of the American Colonization Society.  

user profile pic

lnj100 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted April 4, 2012 at 9:34 AM (Answer #4)

dislike 0 like

Skilled speakers such as Kwame Nkrumah in the Gold Coast, Jomo Kenyatta in Kenya, and Léopold Senghor in Sengal led independence movements in their countries. Such political pressure was enough to win independece in the British colonies that became Nigeria and Ghana, and in France's many Western African colonies.

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes