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The Counter Reformation had both positive and negative effects on Europe. The Council of Trent, a major part of the Counter Reformation, instituted many positive changes within Catholicism. The Council of Trent outlawed nepotism and pluralism of the bishops. Other results of the Council of Trent were that scriptures were now printed in vernacular, and Catholics were encouraged to help the poor and sickly. The Council of Trent also introduced a new style of art called baroque, which was known for its flamboyance. The Jesuits, founded by Ignatius Loyola, were also a product of the Counter Reformation. The formation of the Jesuits had a positive effect on Europe because the Jesuits were extremely scholarly and made many honorable achievements. There were, however, negative effects of the Counter Reformation. One tool of the Counter Reformation was known as The Index, under the control of Cardinal Caraffa. The Index was a list of forbidden books that went against Catholicism. All of these books were burned, which was a dreadful loss of knowledge, and anyone in possession of the books was severely punished. The Inquisition, which took place in Spain and Italy, was another negative tool of the Counter Reformation. The Inquisition had complete power over the church and would search for non-Catholics. Anyone who was suspected as a heretic was guilty until proven innocent. In short, the negative effects of the Counter Reformation was that there was a censorship on writing and there was no freedom of religion.
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