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You start with the most basic short sentence: A noun (person, place, or thing) and a verb (action word, physical or mental, in the present or past tense). Examples are: Fish swim. Birds fly. People think. She runs. He talks. They smiled. Paul laughed.
Knowing this base, you add words that describe or tell more about the noun or the verb. Examples are: Fish swim quickly. Birds fly high. Some people think. She runs fast. He talks quietly. They smiled often. Young Paul laughed.
In fact, you can add words that tell more about both the noun and the verb. Examples are: Small fish swim quickly. Blue birds fly high. Some people think a lot. Young Paul laughed loudly.
Words that tell more about or describe the noun are formally called adjectives. Words that tell more about or describe the verb are formally called adverbs.
To further build a sentence, you can phrases that tell when or where the action happened. Examples are: Blue birds fly high early in the morning. Young Paul laughed loudly after the joke. Small fish swim quickly when chased by a larger fish.
With this basic information, you can select one of the Build-A-Sentence Workbooks that can be found in the Teaching/ Education section of most bookstores (Barnes and Noble, Borders, etc.) Check amazon.com for used books about sentence construction, basic grammar, or teaching writing to students (do a book search about sentence construction).
In closing, remember that all sentences have the same basic structure.
It seems you may be a non-native speaker based on the construction of your question. Might you need examples of the basic KINDS of sentences in English - such as questions, statements, exclamations, etc.? If this is true, look online under "types of sentences" in English. For example:
Interrogative sentence: Why did the chicken cross the road?
Exclamatory sentence: I am not finished with that book yet!
Declaratory sentence: I am going to finish the book tomorrow.
If you speak French or Spanish, I can give you some examples in either of those two languages so you will see what I mean in English.
The best place to start is by looking at grammar books that contain many examples and rules about sentence construction. I suggest that you start with a small book and master this and then graduate to other books. For example, the book, Elements of Style, is a small book worth reading. It contains common mistakes that people make as well as gives numerous examples of good writing. After this, you can look at more advanced grammar books and even more importantly read books that are known for their writing. Also look at book reviews. This might help you get a sense of books as well as read usually well-written English.
You can use a basic grammar book, newspaper, or magazine for examples of (hopefully!) correctly-written English sentences. You could also use any type of literature; if you are looking for simple, basic sentences, look through children's literature. For more complex sentences, adolescent or young adult, and adult literature can also be used. I would start with a comprehensive English grammar text book, though; this will provide many examples and most likely, they will all be well-written.
I am not sure what you are looking for in the sentences. Simple sentences or grammar specific?
Academic subjects or randon subjects?
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