How can a nation's media system be shaped by its government's political philosophy?
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A nation’s political philosophy can have a tremendous impact on the nature of its media system. The most obvious example of this is the difference between the media in a true democracy such as the United States and the media in an authoritarian state like China. The liberalism that is the foundation of the US political philosophy means that the media are free to do almost whatever they want. There is, for example, ample criticism of the government. By contrast, the Chinese government keeps very close tabs on what their media says because their political philosophy has very little room for the idea of political rights and transparency.
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