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What three quotes show three kinds of courage--moral, emotional and physical--in To...

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millie-spencer | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted May 2, 2012 at 3:05 AM via web

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What three quotes show three kinds of courage--moral, emotional and physical--in To Kill a Mockingbird?

Moral courage is when a person finds the ability to persevere and withstand danger, fear or difficulty, relating to the principles or right and wrong in behavoir (Ex. Atticus, Heck Tate)

Emotional courage is when a person finds the ability to persevere difficulty despite personal attacks. (Ex. Atticus, Scout)

Physical courage is when a person finds the ability to persevere difficulty without having to physically attack the situation. (Ex. Mrs. Dubose, Atticus, Scout)

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bullgatortail | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted May 2, 2012 at 8:53 PM (Answer #1)

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I'm not sure I totally agree with your definitions of the three kinds of courage: I believe physical courage occurs when a person actually uses physical contact in defending a person or belief, not the restraint of contact as your definition suggests. And I see little difference between your moral and emotional definitions of courage. Nevertheless, here are three quotes that relate to your three definitions of courage.

Moral.  Atticus displays a moral courage throughout the novel, but none is more evident than when he stands up to the lynch mob at the jail. Atticus stands alone against the men, who have made sure that Sheriff Tate won't be around.

     "Called 'em off on a snipe hunt... Didn't you think a'that, Mr. Finch?"
     "Thought about it, but didn't believe it. Well then," my father's voice was still the same, "that changes things, doesn't it?"
     "It do," another deep voice said...
     "Do you really think so?"  (Chapter 15)

Tate's absence doesn't alter the events for Atticus, who is willing to stand his ground on principle and risk his life for his client.

Emotional.  Scout displays this type of courage on occasion, especially when she grits her teeth, heeds Atticus's advice, and walks away from a fight with Cecil Jacobs.

     Somehow, if I fought Cecil Jacobs I would let Atticus down. Atticus so rarely asked Jem and me to do something for him, I could take being called a coward for him. I felt extremely noble for having remembered...  (Chapter 9)

Physical.  I believe Boo Radley displays the greatest physical courage in the novel, subduing Bob Ewell and killing him before he does away with Jem and Scout. But Atticus's standoff with Bob Ewell in town probably better fits your own definition of physical courage. When Bob curses Atticus, spits in his face, and calls him out for a fight, Atticus stands his ground much in the same way he does at the jail. According to Miss Stephanie,

... Atticus didn't bat an eye, just took out his handkerchief and wiped his face and stood there and let Mr. Ewell call him names wild horses could not bring her to repeat... Atticus's peaceful reaction probably prompted him [Bob] to inquire, "Too proud to fight, you nigger-lovin' bastard?"... Atticus said, "No, too old," put his hands in his pockets and strolled on.  (Chapter 23)

Sources:

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harry7459 | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Honors

Posted May 7, 2012 at 11:59 PM (Answer #2)

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Contention:
Courage is shown thoroughly  in the novel to kill a mocking bird.

Paragraph 1:
T: Physical Courage
E:

-          Boo Radley Fixing Jem’s pants.

-          Scout stepping up to confront the mob.

-          Boo saving Scout and Jem from Mr Ewell

-          Atticus kills the dog

E: “going after em’”  ‘malevolent phantom’  ‘lynch mob’ ‘[bringing]  ‘em to their senses’ ‘shut up in the house’ ‘his shy ways’
L:

T: Mental Courage
E:

-          Mr Dubose not using pain killers, and dying

-          Scout resisting to fight

-          Jem not bragging to everyone about Atticus being the best gun man in Maycomb

E: ‘[Mrs Dubose] [is] the bravest person he had ever [known]’. “Mrs. Dubose [being] morphine addict” ‘Negros’ "[try’s] fight with [her] head for a change" ‘she dropped [her] fists and walked away’ ‘[reckons] if he'd wanted [them] to know it, he'da told [them]’
L:

T: Moral Courage
E:

-          Atticus Defending Tom Robinson

-          Atticus letting Calpurnia discipline his children

-          When Bob Ewell Spits in Atticus’s Face

E: ‘displaying his point of view’ ‘same in his house as he is on the public street’ ‘[Calpurnia] tried to bring them up according to her lights, and Cal's lights are pretty good’‘parent’ "No, too old.". "too proud to fight
L:

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