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Actually, absolute monarchy eventually failed in both countries. It just took a little longer to fail in France. The move towards a more representative government began in England around the year 1200. This is when angry churchmen and noblemen forced King John to sign the Magna Carta. This document guarenteed t"No freeman [citizen] shall be arrested and imprisoned, or dispossessed [deprived of property], or outlawed, or banished, or in any way molested [physically assaulted]; nor will be set forth against him, nor send against him, unless by the lawful judgment of his peers, and by the law of the land." This was a revolutionary step in leading to representative government. It was brought on by the totally inept rule of King John. John was supposed to be substituting for his brother, Richard the Lion Hearted, who was off fighting the crusades. But John was so ruthless in during his reign that he made even the noblemen angry. Once some people gained rights, the stage was set for others to demand more rights until absolute monarchy was really abolished after the restoration of Charles II.
In France, the kings were not as inept as John and so they were able to keep absolute power a little longer. But, there really was no central king until the time of Louis XIV. He centralized the government, but spent so much money doing it and building Versailles, that the absolute control of kings only lasted until Louis XII. See the links below for more information.
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