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On heating 5.1 mole of solid NH4HS 30% decomposes into gaseous ammonia and hydrogen...

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lxsptter | Student, Undergraduate | Valedictorian

Posted July 1, 2012 at 6:11 PM via web

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On heating 5.1 mole of solid NH4HS 30% decomposes into gaseous ammonia and hydrogen sulphide. What is the Kc for the reaction.

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted July 1, 2012 at 6:20 PM (Answer #1)

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The reaction that takes place when the solid NH4HS is heated is:

NH4HS(s) --> NH3(g) + H2S(g)

While estimating the equilibrium constant Kc only the concentration of the solid reagents is not taken into consideration.

For a generalized reaction: A(g) + B(g) --> C(g) + D(g), Kc = [C][D]/[A][B]

Here, [NH2] = 0.3*5.1 = 1.53 and [H2S] = 0.3*5.1 = 1.53

The equilibrium constant Kc = 1.53*1.53 = 2.3409

The equilibrium constant for the reaction NH4HS(s) --> NH3(g) + H2S(g) for the given conditions is Kc = 2.3409

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