In A Passage to India Forster seems to have lost his faith in human relations as sole remedy against human ills. His love for human beings is shaken though not lost. His love has become thinner with a tinge of good-humoured distrust. We shall have to make a study of Fielding in this connection. Fielding was a sensible and good natured man with a clear understanding of all fundamental things of life. But he lacked in emotion or intimacy with other human beings. His affection for Aziz, though important, did not stand the strain of misunderstandings. As regards Adela, he understood her, even respected her but didnot symathise with her, nor did he show affection for her. He called her a prig and did not consider her fit for marriage. Here he appears to be cynical or unduly proud. As a matter of fact, he looked upon human beings against a background of an immense void representing the past and the future, and as a consequence, life was reduced to insignificance. It may mean that godness and kindness have limits. It points out the essential loneliness and isolation of the individual soul.
Forester's early writings reveal that he had a very strong faith in humanism. He has kept aloft the humanitarian ideal and has strongly denounced conventionality and orthodoxy. But this humanitarian feeling has shown a declining trend with the passage of time.
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Perhaps, the answer to Forster's philosophy to existence lives inside the cave. The darkness, the nothingness, the everythingness seemed to envelop much for Forster. Inside the cave, everyone is equal, everyone is the same. The social conditions that laud the British and put down the Indians disappear. The economic stratification that divides rich and poor also dissipates. Everyone is subject to the same experience: BOUM. That is the sound all hear, the sensation all experience, and the only place where there is true equality. Irony that it is the setting for the trial in terms of what happened in there. This might be why the mystery of the caves remains an enigma, the trial is inconclusive, and the experience of pure equality leaves some scared, and opens new worlds of perception for others.
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