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find surface area obtained by rotating `y=sqrt(x), x in[4,9]`   about the y-axis.

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pensivegal | (Level 1) Honors

Posted September 20, 2013 at 12:04 AM via web

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find surface area obtained by rotating `y=sqrt(x), x in[4,9]`   about the y-axis.

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justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted September 20, 2013 at 4:50 AM (Answer #1)

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The graph of `y= sqrt x` with `x in [4, 9]` is :

When this is rotated about the y-axis the surface area is `int_4^9 2*pi*x ds` where `ds = sqrt(1 + (dy/dx)^2) dx`

`y = sqrt x` , `dy/dx = 1/(2*sqrt x)`

`ds = sqrt(1 + (1/(2*sqrt x))^2) dx`

`int_4^9 2*pi*x ds`

= `int_4^9 2*pi*x sqrt(1 + (1/(2*sqrt x))^2) dx`

= `int_4^9 2*pi*x sqrt(1 + 1/(4x)) dx`

= `int_4^9 pi*sqrt x sqrt(4x + 1) dx`

= `int_4^9 pi*sqrt (4x^2 + x) dx`

= `(pi/32)*[16*sqrt(4x^4+x^3) + 2*sqrt(4x^2+x)-ln(sqrt(4x+1)+2*sqrt x)]_4^9`

`~~`  6.50286

The required surface area is approximately 6.50286 square units.

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