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The author uses third-person because the novel is narrated by Scout as a woman looking back on her childhood. There is one section in Chapter 31 where it seems as if Scout is narrating in the first and third person. Scout is there on Boo's porch, recounting the events as if they happened to other children. This section where Scout recounts the events of the novel is structured by the seasons: summer, winter, summer, autumn. The author does this to acknowledge that Scout has been recalling the entire novel from the perspective of an older woman.
Most importantly, Scout recounts these events in a third-person narration style to reinforce the idea of standing in another person's shoes and looking at things from a new perspective. This is one of the lessons Atticus teaches in the children. Fittingly, Scout is on Boo's porch and sees her street from a new perspective. Likewise, the events of the novel have passed and in a kind of out-of-body experience, as if she is watching herself go through the events in summary, she now looks back on them with more wisdom and understanding.
It is to reinforce the idea of standing in another persons shoes and how a shift in perspective can change a great deal.
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