Homework Help

Explain the history of the 12-member jury requirement.

user profile pic

alexbabi86 | Student, College Freshman | (Level 2) eNoter

Posted January 2, 2013 at 9:18 PM via web

dislike 1 like

Explain the history of the 12-member jury requirement.

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

gretc | College Teacher | (Level 2) Adjunct Educator

Posted February 7, 2013 at 2:44 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

Juries have consisted of 12 members since as far back as the 1300s in English law. However, in 1898 the American Supreme Court formally upheld the view that 12 jury members should be a constitutional requirement. Almost a century later during the case of Williams v Florida (1970), the Court amended its view, stating that the Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments also allowed for a 6-person jury. However, because of justice dissent on this issue concerning trials at the state level throughout the following decade, the Court changed its view again finally in 1979. It held that if 6-person juries are allowed, verdicts may only be unanimous. Otherwise, non-unanimous verdicts would be in violation of a defendant's constitutional right to trial by jury, as provided under the Sixth Amendment.

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes