What was the major difference between ancient Greek and Medieval philosophy?
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The single greatest change between what is termed ancient and what is termed medieval philosophy was the rise of Christianity and the concomitant necessity to synthesize Scriptural interpretation with more abstract philosophical theorizing. However, it would be inaccurate to think of this change as a dramatic rupture. The scripturalizing phenomenon was not unique to Christianity. Among Stoics, for example, there was a major debate concerning whether it was more important to produce exegesis of Chrysippus or to work from basic principles. Similarly, most of the Neoplatonic texts after Plotinus occur in the forms of commentary on Platonic dialogues, and in method are not radically different from many of the commentaries of Augustine or Origen on the Bible. Furthermore, many Christian theologians were strongly influenced by ancient philosophy.
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