Explain the book's title and why Ayn Rand chose it?
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The Ayn Rand Institute's Centennial Edition of Anthem has an Introduction preceding the novel that explains this exact issue. At first, Rand's working title for the book was "Ego" because her philosophy centers around individualism and the strict meaning of this word--"self." Rand seemed to use a working title as she penned the work so to keep her centralized on her purpose for writing. Later, and for publication purposes, she would change the titles in order to spark readers' interest in the book. It is also said that her working titles were unemotional, again, in order to keep her writer's focus on the purpose of the text. The publication title should invoke interest for the reader and allow the reader to investigate as to how the title was chosen for the book. If one looks up the word "anthem" in the dictionary, it says that an anthem is a song of celebration or praise, as well as a being held sacred. For Rand, the individual is the most sacred and must be defended against all collectivism.
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