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Describe Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.
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Abraham Maslow developed his Hierarchy of Needs theory starting in the 1930's. Like a pyramid, higher functioning needs are placed on top of a broader support of basic needs. These divisions break roughly into "Being" and "Deficit" needs, and with this theory he went on, for example, to describe what happens when needs remain unfulfilled in an individual (neurosis) and groups (panic). See full discussion and examples at the link:
Posted by enotechris on November 28, 2008 at 1:09 AM (Answer #1)
High School Teacher
The previous answer gives the basic outline of the theory. Here is more detail: base of pyramid-physiological needs: oxygen, food, water; next level-pyramid-safety needs: protection from wild animals, enemies, abusers; next level-need for love, affection and belongingness: desire for relationship within family, friends, coupling; next level up-need for esteem: desire to receive recognition for efforts and achievements, acceptance in spite of failure; top level-need for self actualization: desire to actually be the person one believes they were "meant" to be.
Maslow was a humanist who denied God and living for God as a reality. His theory is based on humans meeting their own needs out of their own effort--or having them met by others. When needs on one level are not met maladaptive behaviors/psychological disorders or the inability to focus on achieving higher level needs results.
However, if a person lives a life under the belief that God controls all things, incuding the meeting of all our needs, then lack in one area is acceptable as a sacrifice for achieving the desires of God for us and in meeting the needs of others. This reality comletely derails Maslow's theory with regards to true Christians in particular--and many of other faiths in general. However, for those who live without a relationship with God--it is a relevant theory.
Posted by isaxgrl on November 28, 2008 at 3:48 AM (Answer #2)
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