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Bronislaw Malinowski, among other things, used his findings while working with people in Micronesia to suggest that Sigmund Freud's understanding of the formation of sexual identity was irrelevant in certain social contexts. The Oedipus complex, he argued, simply did not make sense in matrilineal societies where the maternal uncle was the real "father figure." While many (really most) of his findings have been disputed or even refuted, his idea that social and cultural context is crucial to psychological development has been highly influential in anthropology, sociology, and other social sciences. Malinowski sought to show how cultural institutions helped to meet individual human needs. This opposed the structural functionalist model associated with Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, who was interested in the broader needs of society. Malinowski was also significant for his methods, which involved a more "hands on" and involved method of observing the culture of other peoples. Finally, he was instrumental in describing the concept that would become known to anthropoligists as "reciprocity."
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