Evaluate the definite integral of y=1/cos ^2x. x=0 to x=pi/4

giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

The definite integral will be evaluated using the Leibniz-Newton formula.

Int f(x)dx = F(b) - F(a), where x = a to x = b

We'll put y = f(x) = 1/(cos x)^2

We'll compute the indefinite integral, first:

Int dx/(cos x)^2 = tan x + C

We'll note the result F(x) = tan x + C

We'll determine F(a), for a = 0:

F(0) = tan 0

F(0) = 0

We'll determine F(b), for b = pi/4:

F(pi/4) = tan pi/4

F(pi/4) = 1

We'll evaluate the definite integral:

Int dx/(cos x)^2 = F(pi/4) - F(0)

Int dx/(cos x)^2 = 1 - 0

Int dx/(cos x)^2 = 1, from x = 0 to x = pi/4

neela | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

To Evaluate the definite integral of y=1/cos ^2x for x=0 to x=pi/4.

Given  y = 1/(cos^2x) = (secx)^2 , 1/cosx = secx.

We know that if F(x) = tanx,

then F'(x) = (tanx)' = (secx)^2.

Therefore Int F'(x) dx = Int (secx)^2 dx = tanx.

Therefore  Int (secx)^2 dx = F(x) = tanx.

Therefore area under definite int y = 1/(cosx)^2 from x= 0 to x= pi/4 is  F(pi/4)-F(0).

F(pi/4) -F(0)  = tanpi/4 - tan 0 .

F(pi/4) - F(0) = 1-0.

F(pi/4) - F(0) = 1.

Therefore the area under the curve is 1 sq unit.