What is the moral of the story of the Iliad of Homer?
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This is a very difficult question, as the epic is very long and there appears to be no one overarching theme or moral. In light of this, scholars have many differing opinions, when it comes to the main moral of the story. In light of this, we need to be open to what we think is the main moral of the story. What we need to do is though is to show the evidence of why we hold a certain opinion.
In my opinion, the whole story is about the dangers of pride. We see this in a few ways. First, we see the pride of Achilles as he holds out and does not enter into the battle. This costs many lives and almost the loss of the Greeks. We also see the pride of Agamemnon. He cannot take the fact that Achilles is a better warrior than he is. In addition, we see even the pride of Hector. He knows that Achilles will defeat him, but he has to fight him anyway. In the end, all of this pride leads to death and tragedy.
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