What was the impact of the Stono Rebellion?
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The immediate impact of the Stono Rebellion was that it led to bloody retribution on the part of white South Carolinians. Once the rebellion was discovered by white militia (after the deaths of several white men and women) most of the participants were killed. Many of the survivors, and those who were accused of complicity, were subjected to horrible executions, including disembowelment and burning at the stake, and had their body parts displayed throughout the region as a warning. Somewhere around 40 slaves died in this manner. In the long run, the colony responded in several ways. First, the colonial legislature passed the Negro Act, which placed a number of harsh restrictions on slaves. Masters were no longer allowed to free slaves without the permission of the legislature (some of the rebels had been free blacks), slave patrols comprised of the colonial militia were organized, and freedoms of blacks to own weapons, travel alone, and meet away from white supervision were curtailed. Additionally, restrictions were placed on slave importation in an effort to encourage plantation owners to import whites. As historian Peter H. Wood concludes, the "new social equilibrium" which emerged after the Stono Rebellion "was based on a heightened degree of white repression and a reduced amount of black autonomy."
Source: Peter H. Wood, Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion (New York: W.W. Horton and Company, 1974)326.
(1739) It was a slave rebellion in the colony of South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British Mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution. 20 black slaves met in secret near the Stono River in South Carolina to plan their escape to freedom. When the slave owners caught up with the rebels from the Stono River in 1739, they engaged the 60 to 100 slaves in a battle. More than 20 white Carolinians, and nearly twice as many black Carolinians, were killed. As a result, South Carolina's lawmakers enacted a harsher slave code.
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