Does Winston die at the end of 1984, or is the image of the bullet in his brain at the Ministry of Love a dream?
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No. He dies spiritually and psychologically at the book's end. His independent spirit is completely crushed, but he is left alive to love Big Brother. However, that image to which you refer is an indicator of how completely dead he is in these other ways: they might as well just shoot him. He's no longer any threat to them because he's dead inside.
No, Winston is still alive. When the book concludes, Winston is waiting for the Party to end his physical existence. Winston has been re-educated, cleansed, and reborn with O'Brien's help in the Ministry of Love, so he is now ready to die.
Julia is in the same predicament.
Death is a desirable gift that the Party offers to all "healed" thought criminals.
He desires to be dead as a gift from the Party for his disloyalty previously throughout the book, which will show his "devotion and loyalty" to the Party.
In George Orwell's 1984, Winston does not physically die at the end of the book. He dies figuratively, however, at the end of 1984.
During the story, Winton lost his individuality to the Ministry of Love, all the unique characteristics that made Winton be himself and comprised his personality have disappeared. And he has become the re-trained puppet of Party. In essence, Winton's personality and soul have be shot by O'Brien, but physical Winton is still there; only a shell of his previous self.
While sitting next to the chess board in the Chestnut Tree Café drinking gin, Winton remembers a happy childhood memory which could symbolize his life flashing before his eyes.
He is back in the Ministry of Love, with everything forgiven, his soul white as snow. He was in the public dock, confessing everything, implicating everybody. He was walking down the white-tiled corridor, with the feeling of walking in sunlight, and an armed guard at his back. The long-hoped-for bullet was entering his brain.--quote sited from ebooks.adelaide.edu
Here Winton basically repents and purges himself of past actions, in preparation for death 'soul white as snow'. Subsequently, the image of the bullet in his brain represents Winton spiritually dying and the physical Winton who remains is the re-trained puppet of Party.
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