Does Shakespeare's Hamlet fit the elements in a plot graph?

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lmetcalf | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Senior Educator

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By plot graph, I am assuming that you are referring to the traditional plot pyramid which has five points that could lay along the lines of a pyramid shape:

1. Exposition

2. Rising Action/Complication

3. Climax

4. Falling Action/Denouement

5. Resolution

As this relates to Hamlet, a reader can roughly look at the five acts and lay the events on the graph that way. Here is what a brief overview of the play would like like:

1. Exposition: arrival of the ghost and subsequent conversation with Hamlet; establishment of Hamlet's attitude toward his mother and her hasty marriage to Claudius; introduction of Polonius and his children, Ophelia and Laertes

2. Rising Action/Complication: Hamlet's acting crazy; the arrival of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern as spies on Hamlet; arrival of the players who will ultimately enact a play which could "catch the conscience of the king"

3. Climax: The play-within-a-play reveals Claudius's guilt; Hamlet decides NOT to kill Claudius while he is act prayer; Hamlet accidentally kills Polonius, thinking he was Claudius, hiding in the Queen's rooms.

4. Falling Action: Hamlet plays games with Claudius and is ultimately sent away to England; Opehlia goes crazy; Laertes returns to Elsinore determined to kill Hamlet as vengeance for his murdered father; Claudius and Laertes plan the fencing match

5. Resoultion: Hamlet has a new understanding of life and death; he reveals that he is ready to do whatever it takes (such as sending Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to their death) to survive this situation; Hamlet resolutely heads into the fencing match; Laertes and Hamlet mortally wound each other; Gertrude dies by poison; Claudius dies by sword and poison; Fortinbras arrives to take over the throne.


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