Dstinguish between 'productivity' and 'production'.
It is a question from the subject"PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT." The answer is required for t.Y.B.A.F level....
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Productivity of an organization is defined as the ratio of outputs produced by the organization and the resources consumed in the process. Thus we can describe productivity mathematically as:
Productivity = Output / Inputs
Here the output refers to the quantity of and services produced by the company, and inputs refers to the quantities of resources such as labor, material, physical facilities, and energy consumed for producing the same.
Production is the total output produced by an organization in a given period. These outputs consist of the goods and services that are supplied by a company to its customers.
Productivity is concerned with the inputs used in the process. Thus productivity represents only the numerator in the above equation for productivity.
Productivity is used to assess the extent to which certain outputs can be extracted from a given input. We can measure productivity for a single input resource such as manpower used, or for multiple resources. There can be many different types of productivity measurement depending on the type of resources considered. Some of the most common types of productivity measurements include labor productivity, machine or capital productivity, material productivity, and land productivity. Here the term ‘land’ is used to denote all natural resources rather than just land.
Managers also need to pay attention to the total production to make sure that a company is meeting the requirements of products and services required by the customers.
Managers also need to pay attention to production for production planning and scheduling.
Similarly, long term planning of sales volumes and production capacities also requires focusing on production.
1]Productivity is a concept,whereas production is a fact
2]Production is achieved by means of resources,productivity is measured through means of maximum manpower,machinery.financial support.
3]Production is a variable,dependent on many factors such as labour availability, motive power,etc. whereas productivity is the optimum measure of what or how much can be achieved or realized.
Regardless of what one is producing there are specific resources necessary for production to take place. The four factors of production are land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship. Productivity measures the efficiency of those factors of production, how much output verses how much input. For example, take the farming industry today one farmer can produce more vegetables than he could have 100 years ago thus feeding more people. Why? productivity in the farming industry has become more efficient due to technological advances, better fertilizers and control over mother nature. All businesses seek to increase their profits and measuring the levels of productivity with regard to costs, revenues, and profits allows businesses to gauge the efficiency of any or all the factors of production. The more efficient and streamlined costs and revenues are monitored the greater the profit margin will be.
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