Discuss the varieties of white resistance to the civil rights movement and which were most effective in slowing the drive for equality
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Whites in southern states organized Citizens' Councils, a formal and patriotic sounding name for resistance to integration and civil rights. This organizing of society to promote social resistance to change was quite effective. Same as after the Civil War, when it was proven that you can conquer a people, but you cannot change their minds by that act alone. Slavery was ended, racism was not. That would take generations and is not yet complete, if it ever will be.
Another effective example of white resistance to civil rights happened in Mississippi during Freedom Summer, when white and black volunteers from the North were coming to the state to register black voters, and the State Patrol and local police departments coordinated their efforts and shared information about the civil rights workers so they could harass, ticket and arrest them whenever possible. This was only effective in the short term, however, as murders of some of the activists brought in increased FBI presence.
In my opinion, the most effective thing that was done by white southerners was the tactic used by Police Chief Laurie Pritchett of Albany, Georgia.
When protests came to Albany, Pritchett had his police handle black protestors gently and respectfully. They simply took the protestors to jail. This was in great contrast to the actions of police chiefs like Bull Connor, who is famous for the use of violence against protestors.
The Pritchett approach made it very hard for protestors to get support. There was little sympathy for them because they were not being mistreated.
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