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Describe the field of biology, and explain what biologists do.
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Biology is the study of living organisms, both single and multiple cell, including plants, animals and humans. In short, it involves the study of every living thing for the purpose of understanding the structures and functions of every element or component of life. Biologists are scientists who engage in this field of study, which involves many hours dissecting living organisms to examine their structure and to gain an understanding of how those organisms' myriad “systems” function and relate to each other. For example, dissecting – and it should be pointed out that dissection or vivisection is increasingly attacked by animal rights advocates as inhumane, leading to efforts at developing computer-simulated specimen images and procedures – is performed on an animal or on a human cadaver so that the biologists and others, for example, medical students, can gain an understanding of how the circulatory, respiratory, neurological and other subordinate systems relate to each other and how they are physically arranged.
Without the study of biology, there would be no knowledge of the human body and, consequently, no medical recourse for injuries and illnesses. The study of biology is as old as civilization itself. Ancient Egyptians and Greeks engaged in the academic study of biology and provided the historical foundation for the development of the field of medicine. That mankind continues to struggle to understand human and animal anatomy, especially with respect to the brain and how thoughts and emotions develop, is testament to the enduring importance of biology and those who engage in it.
Posted by kipling2448 on March 4, 2014 at 1:53 AM (Answer #1)
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