Homework Help

describe in detail, the two methods of language acquisition.

user profile pic

bertyfitz | Student, College Freshman | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted April 26, 2012 at 7:52 PM via web

dislike 1 like

describe in detail, the two methods of language acquisition.

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted April 26, 2012 at 9:57 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

Language acquisition, as opposed to language learning, is a subconscious activity. 

INNATISM

A person is predisposed to the "feel" of a language: in other words, there is an innate capacity that allows a person to "pick up" a language.  This acquisition is acquired from from biological forces, then [language aptitudes]. Such a natural "feel" for a language does not include any conscious acquisition of rules of grammar or syntax, for instance.

INFLUENCE OF THE ENVIRONMENT

In addition to the innate aptitude of individuals, there is an interaction with one's environment which also assists an individual in acquiring language.  This area falls into the field of operant conditioning in which one is exposed to certain stimuli and then becomes conditioned to react in a certain way. This is also a non-cognitive method of acquiring knowledge.  Exposed to certain language patterns repeatedly, the individual then acquires these patterns and words, for instance.  That is, the individual seems to just "pick up" this language knowledge.

Sources:

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes