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Define operating system. What are the functions and types of operating systems?Define...

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paudel | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 1) Honors

Posted January 9, 2010 at 1:03 PM via web

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Define operating system. What are the functions and types of operating systems?

Define operating system.write down the function and types of operating system.

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted January 9, 2010 at 4:13 PM (Answer #1)

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An operating system, abbreviated OS, is a product, software type,  that is part of a system, equipment or computerized equipment, which deals with management and coordination of its activities. The computerized system may be a computer, a workstation, a server, a PC, a notebook, a smartphone, a road navigation device or another system with "intelligence" of its own. The operating system plays the role of host for all applications running on the equipment (hardware).

Operating system functions

To act as interface between hardware and users, an operating system must be able perform the following functions:

1. Enabling startup application programs. Thus, the operating system must have:

- A text editor

- A translator

- An editor of links

2. The allocation of resources needed to execute programs is done by identifying: the programs that are running, the need for memory, peripheral devices and data protection requirements.

3. Facilities for data compression, sorting, mixing, cataloging and maintenance of libraries, through utility programs available.

4. Plan implementation works according to certain criteria, for efficient use of central processing unit.

5. Assisting implementation of programs through computer-user communication system, at both hardware and software level.

Examples of operating systems:BS2000,BS3000,DOS,PC-DOS,MS-DOS,LINUX,SOLARIS,MAC OS,UNIX,WINDOWS

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted January 9, 2010 at 1:59 PM (Answer #2)

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The operating system is the most important program that is on a computer.  The operating system basically runs the computer and allows other programs to run as well.  The operating system does all the basic things that a computer needs to do, such as recognizing inputs from the mouse or the keyboard.  It keeps track of where all the files are on the computer.  It allocates resources to the various programs that are running and it prevents unauthorized access to the computer.

The most popular operating system today is Microsoft's Windows operating system.  Macintosh computers have their own operating system, the most recent of which is called Mac OS X.  There are also open source operating systems such as Linux.

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krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted January 10, 2010 at 12:18 PM (Answer #3)

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An operating system (OS) is a set of computer program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer. At the foundation of all system software, the OS performs basic tasks such as controlling and allocating memory, prioritizing system requests, controlling input and output devices, facilitating networking, and managing files. It also may provide a graphical user interface for higher level functions. Various services performed by operating systems are discussed below.

Process management: It deals with running multiple processes. Most operating system allow a process to be assigned a priority which affects its allocation of CPU time. Interactive operating systems also employ some level of feedback in which the task with which the user is working receives higher priority. In many systems there is a background process which runs when no other process is waiting for the CPU.

Memory management: The memory manager in an OS coordinates the memories by tracking which one is available, which is to be allocated or deallocated and how to swap between the main memory and secondary memories. The operating system tracks all memory used by each process so that when a process terminates, all memory used by that process will be available for other processes.

Disk and file systems: Operating systems have a variety of native file systems that controls the creation, deletion, and access of files of data and programs.

Networking: Most current operating systems are capable of using the TCP/IP networking protocols. This means that one system can appear on a network of the other and share resources such as files, printers, and scanners. Many operating systems also support one or more vendor-specific legacy networking protocols as well.

Security: most operating systems include some level of security.

Device drivers: A device driver is a specific type of computer software developed to allow interaction with hardware devices. Typically this constitutes an interface for communicating with the device, through the specific computer bus or communications subsystem that the hardware is connected to, providing commands to and/or receiving data from the device, and on the other end, the requisite interfaces to the operating system and software applications.

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versatilekamini | College Teacher | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted January 10, 2010 at 2:55 PM (Answer #4)

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Operating system  is a platform between hardware and user which is responsible for the management and coordination of activities and the sharing of the resources of a computer.  It hosts the several applications that run on a computer and handles the operations of computer hardware. There are different types of operating systems. These are as follows:

1. Real-time Operating System: It is a multitasking operating system that aims at executing real-time applications.

2. Multi-user and Single-user Operating Systems: The operating systems of this type allow a multiple users to access a computer system concurrently.

3. Multi-tasking and Single-tasking Operating Systems:When a single program is allowed to run at a time, the system is grouped under a single-tasking system, while in case the operating system allows the execution of multiple tasks at one time, it is classified as a multi-tasking operating system.

4. Distributed Operating System: An operating system that manages a group of independent computers and makes them appear to be a single computer is known as a distributed operating system.

5. Embedded System: The operating systems designed for being used in embedded computer systems are known as embedded operating systems.

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sangibala | College Teacher | (Level 1) Salutatorian

Posted June 21, 2010 at 3:07 PM (Answer #5)

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Operating System is a software program that acts as an interface between the user and the computer. It is a software package which allows the computer to function.

Functions:

  1. Program creation
  2. Program execution
  3. Access to Input/Output devices
  4. Controlled access to files
  5. System access
  6. Error detection and response
  7. Interpreting the commands
  8. Managing peripherals
  9. Memory management
  10. Processor management
  11. Information management
  12. Process communication
  13. Netoworking

Types of Operating System

  • DOS (Disk Operating System)
  • UNIX
  • LINUX
  • Windows
  • Windows NT

 

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shumail | (Level 1) Honors

Posted May 5, 2010 at 3:19 PM (Answer #6)

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The operating system is the most important program that is on a computer.  The operating system basically runs the computer and allows other programs to run as well.  The operating system does all the basic things that a computer needs to do, such as recognizing inputs from the mouse or the keyboard.  It keeps track of where all the files are on the computer.  It allocates resources to the various programs that are running and it prevents unauthorized access to the computer.

The most popular operating system today is Microsoft's Windows operating system.  Macintosh computers have their own operating system, the most recent of which is called Mac OS X.  There are also open source operating systems such as Linux

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