Could you please give me some historical references that depict the elements of:    Liberty, fraternity, and Equality, during and after the French Revolution.  

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krcavnar | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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I suppose the most marked example of "liberty, fraternity, equality" would be in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen which was drafted on August 26, 1789.  The Declaration was fashioned after the United States Declaration of Independence and Constitution.  It set out the basic freedoms and equal rights as well as equality in lawmaking demanded by French citizens.  This was in response to the system of government by Estates whereby the First and Second Estate which was smaller in members could always outvote the Third Estate, which had the largest membership due to it being the class of the middle class and peasants.  The Declaration allowed for any man to have right to take part in the legislative process.  There was nothing allowed specifically for women even though women were a major force in bringing about the revolution.  The women had some success but found themselves at odds with the Jacobins which was established by Robespierre who later brought about the infamous "Reign of Terror". 

Even though many of the rights gained originally were lost later, under Napoleon a new form of equality was established in the Napoleon's Civil Code.  The Code guaranteed equality under the law but heavily favored the wealthy.  The workers and poor found themselves without the previous rights to unionize but were given price regulation on bread and flour.


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