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Could someone give me a breif history of the winter palace in russia?Specifically i...

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benhayward1996 | Student, College Freshman | eNotes Newbie

Posted April 12, 2011 at 7:40 PM via web

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Could someone give me a breif history of the winter palace in russia?

Specifically i want to know what happened to its function once the Bolsheviks overthrew the Tsar and did its function change over the period of communist Russia. I want to know this because i want to relate it to how Mr Jones house change function over time in Animal Farm. I'm not looking for to much detail just solid usable fact please.

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martincbarrett | Student , Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted April 13, 2011 at 6:18 AM (Answer #1)

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The winter palace still served an important purpose immediately after the first, "February" Revolution of the Bolsheviks. 
First, it is important to understand the Bolshevik Revolution as a progression of two revolutions. The first came in February, where the Bolsheviks kicked the tsarists out of the winter palace.
However, the Bolsheviks/Soviets did not immediately take over the government of Russia.
From February to October, the Winter Palace served as the headquarters for the new (and weak) Provisional Government, led by Alexander Kerensky (most similar to Snowball, as he, like Trotsky began as a Bolshevik, but was exiled), the country's Prime Minister. This government had almost no support in the city of Petrograd, as local "Soviet" units, with Lenin at the lead, weilded all practical power. The palace was eventually stormed in October, with no violent opposition. The provisional government was out and the new Bolshevik regime was in.

This "second" revolution is now known as the October revolution. The storming of the palace was recreated with Lenin and the Red Guard in 1920 (3 years later) in an event that was seen by over 100,000 people, and this event is now often viewed as the official birth of the Soviet State.

After all of this,  the palace was declared a museum, and it was a significant location in the revolution. Much of the property inside was destroyed and looted immediately, and following the revolution, there was a policy to remove all imperial markers from the building.
The palace was badly damaged in WWII during the Siege of Leningrad. A restoration policy was inacted, and the palace has been fully restored, but it's only purpose is to serve as a reminder of Russian imperial history.

Sorry if this was too long.

Sources:

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scavenger2 | Student , Grade 9 | Honors

Posted June 11, 2011 at 2:34 PM (Answer #2)

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The Winter Palace (Russian: Зимний дворец) in Saint Petersburg, Russia, was, from 1732 to 1917, the official residence of the Russian monarchs. Situated between the Palace Embankment and thePalace Square, adjacent to the site of Peter the Great's original Winter Palace, the present and fourth Winter Palace was built and altered almost continuously between the late 1730s and 1837, when it was severely damaged by fire and immediately rebuilt.[1] The storming of the palace in 1917 became an iconic symbol of the Russian Revolution.

The palace was constructed on a monumental scale that was intended to reflect the might and power of Imperial Russia. From the palace, the Tsar[2] ruled over 22,400,000 square kilometres (8,600,000 sq mi) (almost 1/6 of the Earth's landmass) and over 125 million subjects by the end of the 19th century. It was designed by many architects, most notably Bartolomeo Rastrelli, in what came to be known as the Elizabethan Baroque style. The green-and-white palace has the shape of an elongated rectangle, and its principal façade is 250 m long and 100 ft (30 m) high. The Winter Palace has been calculated to contain 1,786 doors, 1,945 windows, 1,500 rooms and 117 staircases. The rebuilding of 1837 left the exterior unchanged, but large parts of the interior were redesigned in a variety of tastes and styles, leading the palace to be described as a "19th-century palace inspired by a model in Rococo style."[3]

In 1905, the palace was the scene of the Bloody Sunday massacre, but by this time the Imperial Family had chosen to live in the more secure and secluded Alexander Palace atTsarskoe Selo, and returned to the Winter Palace only for the most formal and rarest state occasions. Following the February Revolution of 1917, the palace was for a short time the seat of the Russian Provisional Government, led by Alexander Kerensky. Later that same year, the palace was stormed by a detachment of Red Army soldiers and sailors—a defining moment in the birth of the Soviet state. On a less glorious note, the month-long looting of the palace's wine cellars during this troubled period led to what has been described as "the greatest hangover in history". Today, the restored palace forms part of the complex of buildings housing the Hermitage Museum.

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