Could I have an explanation of "Ozymandias" line by line? To whom does the word "them" in line 8 refer?
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1. He meets a traveller from a distant land 2. who tells him he saw two pillars of stone 3. in the desert, and next to them, 4. sunk in the sand, was a shattered stone face, whose frown, 5. wrinkled lips and sneering, commanding expression 6. indicate the sculptor interpreted the model's (King Rameses II) expressions well 7. because the expression still stands in the stone 8. sculpted by a man who mocked those passions, showing Rameses,whose heart fed on his own glory. 9. On the statue these words appear: 10-11. " My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings,/ Look on my Works, ye Mighty, and despair!” 12. Nothing remains around the statue, it is decaying, 13. it is a wreck, bare and stripped 14. and only the sands around it stretch into the distance.
"Them" refers to the vain passion of the Rameses, the self-glory possessed by him. Shelley seems to be indicating that such a good portrayal was the scupltor's way of mocking the vanity of the man.
The "them" refers to the passions that Ozymandias was capable of. His cruelty and coldness. Remember that this was a very proud man at the same time.
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