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The chemicals you have provided are examples of an acid reacting with a base.
An acid AH reacts with a base BOH to give a salt AB and water if there is an excess of OH- and H+ ions which can react with each other.
CH3COOH is an organic acid, it reacts with NaOH in the following chemical reaction:
CH3COOH + NaOH -> CH3COONa + H2O
H2SO4 is an acid and KOH is a base. They react in the following chemical reaction:
H2SO4 + 2KOH -> K2SO4 + 2H2O
In the reaction between NH3 and HBr there is no formation of H2O, only the salt is formed.
NH3 + HBr -> NH4Br
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