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What are the similarities and differences of  the ethical theories of Aristotle and...

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lcowan6 | Student, Undergraduate | Salutatorian

Posted December 3, 2012 at 7:10 PM via web

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What are the similarities and differences of  the ethical theories of Aristotle and Immanuel Kant?

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thanatassa | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted December 4, 2012 at 1:07 AM (Answer #1)

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Aristotle and Immanuel Kant are similar in their aapproaches to ethics in so far as they both admire reason or rationality. Also, their ethics, although admitting of the existence of a deity, are, to a large degree, secular, in the sense that though a deity is posited in both, divine revelation or Scriptural texts are not significant starting points for their ethical theories.

The first main difference is that Aristotle creates a form of virtue ethics in which the highest goal is eudaimonia (living well or thriving). Kant, on the other hand, creates a deontological ethics in which the highest good is acting according to a sense of duty alone and following absolute principles. 

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