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Compare and Contrast Sigmud Freud and Abraham Maslow theories.

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psy101 | Student, College Freshman | eNotes Newbie

Posted March 10, 2010 at 1:36 PM via web

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Compare and Contrast Sigmud Freud and Abraham Maslow theories.

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Michelle Ossa | College Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

Posted March 11, 2010 at 6:23 AM (Answer #1)

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Abraham Maslow proposes the theory of the Hierarchy of needs, which is a comprehensive and holistic view of human necessity accompanied by the emotional, physiological, physical, spiritual and social support systems that should be provided in order for the individual to become a better fit citizen. Contrary to Freud, Maslow created a "third choice" which went against Bandura's Social Learning, and Freud's psychoanalysis. He insisted that there had to be something in between the two schools of thought, and that society very well may feel the gaps that show up in the life of a person.

He was quoted as saying:

 “It is as if Freud supplied us the sick half of psychology and we must now fill it out with the healthy half.” (Toward a psychology of being, 1968)

Freud, in turn, is more scientific, and is the father of Psychoanalysis, that is, the uniquely cognitive study of human nature. Far from Maslow, Freud did not consider nurture as part of nature. To him, all that inhabits the brain will manifest unconsciously in the individual physiologically. Among Freud's ideas of overturning this issue, he proposed, hypnosis, the famously known psychotherapy, regression, dream work, and self analysis. Very little is given in his theory to the role of nature, support systems and society in the life of an individual.

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