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Compare and Contrast conservative authoritarianism in Fascist Italy with...

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cedmidy | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) eNoter

Posted April 22, 2011 at 6:14 AM via web

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Compare and Contrast conservative authoritarianism in Fascist Italy with totilatarianism in the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.

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equeenan | College Teacher | (Level 1) Adjunct Educator

Posted April 25, 2011 at 5:28 AM (Answer #1)

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Cedmidy,

Totalitarianism is a political system that has no checks and balances on its authority. By definition the governing power has absolute control, whether it is by the “state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution.”[i] In addition to complete control it also tries to control all aspects of public and private life, which can wreak havoc on its citizens.[ii] Totalitarianism is generally viewed as an “extreme version of authoritarianism, which will be addressed next.”[iii] A good book on Totalitarianism was written by Hannah Arendt.[iv]

Italian Fascism has been debated on whether is falls into totalitarian or authoritarian section. Enotes provides excellent research on Fascism in Italy that can be accessed here.[v]

That being said, authoritarianism is very similar to totalitarianism, but authoritarianism generally dominates the private sector less intrusively.[vi] Technically, authoritarianism is any political system that places full power with a single ruler or a small group and requires total submission to the authorities in place.[vii] Enotes has an excellent background and history of authoritarianism that can be accessed here.

If you want a more detailed look at the government of Nazi Germany you can access it here[viii] and specifically on the Soviet Union you can access that here.[ix]


[i] http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/totalitarianism

 

[ii] http://www.enotes.com/topic/Totalitarianism

[iii] http://www.enotes.com/topic/Authoritarianism

[iv]http://books.google.com/books?id=8f2y0F2wzLoC&dq=Totalitarianism&printsec=frontcover&source=in&hl=en&ei=MNO1TcqqGMnfiAKuq9GvBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=17&ved=0CIQBEOgBMBA#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

[v] http://www.enotes.com/topic/Italian_Fascism

[vi] http://www.enotes.com/topic/Authoritarianism

[vii] http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/44640/authoritarianism

 

[viii] http://www.enotes.com/topic/Nazi_Germany#Government

 

[ix] http://www.enotes.com/topic/Supreme_Soviet_of_the_Soviet_Union

 

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