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Some of circulatory disease are
1. Thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysm: are abnormal expansion, segmentation, congenital or acquired as a result of damage to the arterial wall by atherosclerosis,infection or trauma.
Complication: rupture and embolism in the great circulation. Abdominal aortic aneurysms -lumbar and abdomen pain with the presence of a pulsation tumor . Dissected aneurysm of the aorta has as dominant sign the very intense pain with the irradiation throughout path of aorta.
Treatment: Medical - consisting of the mandatory reduction in blood pressure especially in aneurysm dissected. Surgical - emergency in aneurysm broken, are resected also symptomatic or the asymptomatic aneurysms which are gradually increasing.
2. Angina pectoris:
The most common form of manifestation of painful chronic ischemic heart disease. Rarely can occur in conditions other than coronary artery disease: severe anemia, rapid rhythm disorders, hyperthyroidism, aortic stenosis or insufficiency, etc.. Symptoms: retrosternal pain that occurs during exercise, radiates to left arm to the neck, becomes calm wiyh rest and nitroglycerin.
Sometimes painful crisis appears to rest (rest angora). In general, angina crises are caused by: effort, emotions, digestion, Bori defecation , smoking, drugs (thyroid, ephedrine). Stimuli from other organs (esophagus, gallbladder, spinal spondylosis) may be aggregated with those coming from the heart .ECG route between seizures may show changes in ischemic heart disease or normal, in this case is useful to test the effort.
Are normal heart rhythm disorders or in terms of frequency or regularity of heart rate or both. Causes: ischemic heart disease, injuries, valves, hyperthyroidism, respiratory failure, electrolyte imbalances, digitalis intoxication, intoxication with alcohol, tobacco.
4.atherosclerosis (Artha = mush, sclera = node):
It is a combination of changes in internal tunic artery consisting of deposits of fat that is accompanied by a fiber, calcium deposits and progressive ulcerations.
Thus, it occurs progressive narrowing of the arteries and thrombosis(vessel occlusion) is encouraged by ulceration plates. Symptoms differ by location: coronary, cerebral a., aorta with its branches. Risk factors: genetic predisposition, hyperlipemia, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, obesity.
The University of Chicago Center for Aortic Diseases has a website with a lot of information on aortic aneurysms, aortic dissections, aortic stenosis, and valve disease. The website also has extensive information on state-of-the-art treatment options and the opportunity to ask questions of a world-class cardiothoracic surgeon.
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