Choose three scientific advances made during the Scientific RevolutionExplain how each changed a previously held view and why that was important Please be sure to confine your discussion of...

Choose three scientific advances made during the Scientific Revolution

Explain how each changed a previously held view and why that was important Please be sure to confine your discussion of scientific advances to the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

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giorgiana1976 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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New discoveries in astronomy were made in the early 17th century, through the telescope built by Galileo. Except the response, invoked repeatedly by representatives of the traditional vision, which had a Cesare Cremonini (considered at that time as an Aristotelian authority), who refused to look through Galileo's telescope, it should be noted that there were many Aristotelians, who were able to integrate new discoveries in ancient astronomical systems. Furthermore, these findings have widespread in all European universities, universities at that time were led by representatives of the clergy. It can be said therefore that there was not a reluctance on their part, as accepting the findings, because they not only accepted them but they have integrated into their explanations.

To Descartes we meet three laws "of nature",at Newton, also three, but linked with the "movement", the latter being expressed mathematically. If Descartes started his third part of Principles exposing  "hypothesis", Newton says that he doesn't invent hypotheses.

Descartes has defended the conclusions reached when he made the collision rules, saying that reason is always preferable to the senses.

Newton says that the fourth rule of philosophy: "in the experimental philosophy, propositions deduced by induction from phenomena has to be considered or precisely or approximately true, even if contrary hypothesis are against them , until other phenomena will arise, through which they become more accurate or more subjected to exceptions".

Importantly is the experiment, but it is thematized both by Descartes and by Newton, therefore there is no difference at this point. Different is how it is interpreted.

To understand the changes that occurred in 17th century science it must understand the changes in mathematics period. Mathematicians and mechanics of the end of the 17th century did not understand things better than their predecessors, but they understood differently. Thus, Huygens, using the same definitions as Descartes ,defines a curve considered by him as a curiosity.

Newton not only simply apply mathematics to physics, but through the invention of calculus, using a complex mathematical device to do so.

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