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The phrasal verb, as the name implies, is a verb consisting of more than just one word. Sometimes called a “verb plus particle” or, as lamented by Shaw, a verb plus preposition (Responding to the admonition that he shouldn’t end a sentence with a preposition, he responded: “That is an idea up with which I will not put.”) A verb plus particle is a construction that came out of parsing sentences by diagramming, with the rule that each word must have its own line in the diagram; “put up with”, “run off with” and “turn down” did not comfortably break into a prepositional phrase plus a verb. When Noam Chomsky modernized English grammar, the “verb plus particle” notion was accepted.
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