Can you describe the DSM-IV criteria, clinical presentation, etiology, and treatment for an amnestic disorder?
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The DSM-IV criteria, clinical presentation, etiology, and treatment for an amnestic disorder are described as follows.
- medical condition for which an amnestic disorder presents itself as a symptom
- difficulty recalling information/events that the patient was once able to recall
- new information and events are not learned or remembered
- the condition is severe enough that the patient's ability to function in life is impaired, and is worse than observed prior to the onset of symptoms
- no known effective treatment, any recovery is over time and without intervention
- if the individual is showing symptoms Korsakoff's syndrome, a thiamine deficiency resulting from alcohol abuse, treatment with thiamine supplements may prevent the condition from developing
- unable to recall memory, new or old
- time and space disorientation
- some have no self-awareness of their impairments, or are aware, but do not have an emotional response
- changes in personality
[Answer taken from Encyclopedia of Mental Disorder: Amnestic Disorders.]
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