Can someone explain Morris P. Fiorina's essay "The Rise of the Washington Establishment?"
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In this essay, Fiorina attempts to explain that the rise of federal bureaucracy to meet certain needs has led to bigger government. But he also suggests that the rise of bureaucracy has created a political atmosphere in which it is much easier for competent politicians of whatever party to get reeelected. Politicians who understand pork barrelling can work the system to the benefit of their constituents because they exert control over the funds that are the lifeblood of bureaucracy. Congress creates bureaucracy, which earns them "electoral credits" because bureaucracy has tangible benefits for people. Then when the bureaucracy fails to address a certain need people have, the congressman can intervene on behalf of his constituents, all the while denouncing the "evils of bureaucracy" which he himself created. Congressmen, Fiorina claims, "take credit coming and going." So they have, he thinks, no interest in eliminating or even seriously reforming the bureaucracy. In fact, they don't really have an interest in government working very well in general, as long as they can make it work for their constituents in particular.
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