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a) Calculate the electric potential at the center of the square described as follows:...

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przybyh | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Honors

Posted June 2, 2013 at 6:12 PM via web

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a) Calculate the electric potential at the center of the square described as follows: Four charges are placed at the corners of a 20 cm square. The particles are as follows: 10 `mu`C at (0,0); -5 `mu`C at (20,0); -15 `mu`C at (20, 20); and 20 `mu`C at (0, 20).

b) What is the electric potential energy of the above configuration in part a?

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llltkl | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted June 3, 2013 at 1:44 AM (Answer #1)

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Electric potential due to a system of charges placed in air is given by

`V = V_1 + V_2 + V_3 + ... + V_n`

=` ``1/(4piepsi_0)sum_(i=1)^nq_i/r_i `  

= `1/(4piepsi_0)(q_1/r_1 + q_2/r_2 + q_3/r_3 + ... +q_n/r_n)`

Here, four charges have been placed at the corners of a 20 cm square. The electric potential at the center of the square has to be calculated.

the distance of the charges from the centre of the square, r should be equal to 1/2 the length of the diagonal.

r=`1/2*20sqrt2` = `10sqrt2` cm =`10sqrt2*10^-2` m

Therefore, V = `1/(4pi*(8.854*10^-12)*10sqrt2*10^-2)(10 + (-5) + (-15) + 20)*10^-6` Volts

= `10*10^-6/(4pi*(8.854*10^-12)*10sqrt2*10^-2)` Volts

= `6.355*10^5 ` Volts

Therefore, the electric potential at the centre of the square will be `6.355*10^5` Volts.

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