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A bowl contains four red balls, three blue balls, and three yellow balls, and you...

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tayhill12 | eNotes Newbie

Posted March 26, 2013 at 11:18 PM via web

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A bowl contains four red balls, three blue balls, and three yellow balls, and you select draw at random.

A) What is the probability of drawing a red ball?

B)You draw three yellow balls, one at a time, without replacement. What is the probability of drawing all three yellow balls?

C) You draw a pair, one at a time, without replacement. What is the probability of not drawing a blue ball?

Tagged with math, probability

1 Answer | Add Yours

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mariloucortez | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Adjunct Educator

Posted March 27, 2013 at 12:06 AM (Answer #1)

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A. Probability of drawing a red ball

    red ball = 4

    blue ball = 3

    yellow ball = 3

    P(red ball) =number of red balls/total number of balls` `

    P(red ball) = `4/(4+3+3)`

    P(red ball) = `4/10`

    P(red ball) = `2/5`

B. Probability of drawing three yellow ball

Since you draw without replacement, each time you draw, the total number of is deducted and the number of yellow ball as well.

   P(all three are yellow ball) =`(3/10)(2/9)(1/8)`

   P(all three are yellow ball) = `6/720=1/120`

C. Probability of drawing a pair but not blue ball

   The combination you can have without blue ball in drawing a pair are (R,R), (R,Y), (Y,R), (Y,Y).``

P(R,R) = `(4/10)(3/9)=12/90`

P(R,Y) = `(4/10)(3/9)=12/90`

P(Y,R) = `(3/10)(4/9)=12/90`

P(Y,Y) = `(3/10)(2/10)=6/90`

Just add the probabilities.

P(pair but not blue ball) = `42/90 =7/15`

Another solution is:

P(pair but not blue) = `(red+yellow)/sum((red+yellow)-1)/(sum-1)`

 

P(pair but not blue) = `((4+3)/10)(6/9)`

P(pair but not blue) = `42/90` = `7/15`

 

 

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