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First sentence should be a generic statement about the book. For example: The Giver, by Lois Lowry is a phenomenal novel that explores the positives and negatives of a "Eutopian world." Then write a sentence about where the book was published, and when it was copyrited. Then state the genre, and give an example of how the book fits that genre.
The second paragraph should describe the protagonist and other main characters. Discuss the protagonist's personality, demeanor, and actions. State what their relationship is to the protagonist. Also discuss the antagonist and how he/she/it relates to the protagonist.
The third paragraph should discuss the problem in the story, and 3-4 rising action events.
The fourth paragraph is the climax paragraph. Describe the event, but do not state the outcome of the event, as this would ruin the story for your reader of your essay.
The fifth paragraph is the recommendation paragraph. State whether you liked or didn't like about the book and why. (Or state one like and one dislike) Discuss one thing you might change about the book. And state who you would recommend the book to, and who you wouldn't.
And last but not least, is the conclusion paragraph. State the main idea of the book. Also, state the theme of the book and give an example of the theme from the book. Make a final statement of how you felt about the book.
I'm not too sure how different the UK schools teach essay structure than do US schools but in the US, high school teachers generally teach kids to structure essays according to MLA standards. The site, http://www.docstyles.com/mlacrib.htm is an excellent resource for MLA essay structure.
In less words, the website will show you how to use a typical five paragraph essay with an introduction paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph. In the introduction paragraph, you should use a thesis that states the main idea of your essay in about one sentence. The three body paragraphs develop the idea of your thesis and the conclusion paragraph sums everything up and makes a strong point in the final sentence that lasts with the reader.
It's not a book, but eNotes has some great guides on how to write essays. Check out below:
If you like, you can check the literature discussion group and enter a question on how to write---.
One link you may want to visit is below. This one recommends some pratical how-to write essays pulbications that you can purchase.
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